Louis IV "d'Outremer" CAROLING, King of the Franks
- Born: 10 Sep 920, Laon, Champagne
- Married: 25 Apr 940
- Died: 10 Sep 954, Abbaye de St. Rémy, Reims, Champagne
- Buried: Abbaye de St. Rémy, Reims, Champagne
Rodulfus Glaber names "Ludowicum filium…regis Caroli". After his father was deposed in 923, his mother fled with Louis to England where he was brought up at the court of Æthelstan King of Wessex. His return to France after the death of King Raoul in early 936 was negotiated by Hugues "le Grand" [Capet]. He was crowned 19 Jun 936 at Laon by the Archbishop of Reims as LOUIS IV "d’Outremer" King of the Franks. He asserted his autonomy from Hugues "le Grand", to whom he awarded the title dux francorum, by establishing himself with his mother at Laon in 937. His reign was characterised by constant disputes with his nobles, in particular Hugues "le Grand", Héribert II Comte de Vermandois, Arnoul Count of Flanders and Guillaume "Longuespée" Comte [de Normandie]. Despite constant military activity, he only increased the territory directly held by the kings of France by the counties of Laon (captured in 938 from Héribert II Comte de Vermandois) and Reims. He also temporarily held Amiens and Ponthieu. Following a revolt in Lotharingia against Otto I "der Große" King of Germany, Louis was offered the crown of Lotharingia in 939 by Duke Giselbert. King Otto responded by raiding Frankish territory, allying himself with Hugues "le Grand", Héribert II Comte de Vermandois, Arnoul I Count of Flanders and Guillaume "Longuespée" Comte [de Normandie], and obliged King Louis to renounce Lotharingia. Héribert and Hugues besieged Reims, forcing the restoration of Héribert's son as archbishop, and besieged King Louis at Laon. After the murder of Guillaume "Longuespée" Comte [de Normandie], King Louis detained Richard his heir, but was held captive himself by the people of Rouen after Richard escaped. King Otto launched a revenge attack, but was defeated by the Normans. After Louis was released by Hugues "le Grand", he was transferred to the custody of Thibaut Comte de Blois who held him captive for a year in 945/46.
King Louis died after falling from his horse on his way from Reims to Laon. 1
Louis married Gerberga VON SACHSEN, daughter of Heinrich I "der Vogelsteller" VON SACHSEN, King of Germany, and Mathilde VON RINGELHEIM, on 25 Apr 940. (Gerberga VON SACHSEN was born between 913 and 914 in Nordhausen, Sachsen, died on 5 May 984 in Reims, Champagne-Ardenne, France and was buried in Reims, Champagne-Ardenne, France.)