Thurstan DE HOLAND
(Abt 1222-1275)
(Est 1230-)
Sir William DE SAMLESBURY, Knt.
(Est 1220-Abt 1256)
(-Aft 1257)
Sir Robert DE HOLAND
(Abt 1253-Abt 1304)
(Abt 1253-Aft 1311)
Robert DE HOLAND, K.G., 1st Baron Holand of Upholland
(Abt 1270-1328)


Family Links

Matilda (Maud) LA ZOUCHE, Heiress of Brackley

Robert DE HOLAND, K.G., 1st Baron Holand of Upholland

  • Born: Abt 1270, Upholland, Lancashire, England
  • Married:
  • Died: 7 Oct 1328, Boreham Wood, Essex, England
  • Buried: Greyfriars Church, Preston, Lancashire, England

  Research Notes:

Robert de Holand of Upholland, Lancashire was created Lord Holand 29 Jul 1314. 1


28 Sep 1314, York

Order to the...escheator [beyond Trent] to deliver to Nicholas de Sancto Mauro and Ellen his wife, firstborn daughter and one of the heirs of Alan la Zousche, tenant in chief, their pourparty of the lands late of Alan, assigned to them with the assent of Robert de Holand and Maud his wife, younger daughter and the other heir, to wit, the manor of Northmolton, co. Devon, extended at 25l. 15d., and a moiety of the manor of Great Gatesden, co. Hertford, extended at 6l. 6s. 5d.; Nicholas having done homage.

Order to the same to deliver to the said Robert and Maud their like pourparty, to wit, the manor of Halsho and Brackele, co. Northampton, extended at 32l. 15s. 4½d., a moiety of the manor of Great Gatesden extended at 6l. 6s. 5d., and a view of frankpledge in Shipton and Sibford, co. Oxford, extended at 10s. a year; Robert having done homage; and to deliver to him all issues thereof from the death of Alan.

Calendar of Fine Rolls, 8 Edward II.


28 May 1319, York

Grant, for a fine of 100l., to Robert de Holand, of the wardship of the lands late of Margaret de Nevill, tenant in chief, to hold until the full age of John de Nevill, grandson and heir of the said Margaret.

Calendar of Fine Rolls, 12 Edward II.


He became a favourite official of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster and thus grew in importance and wealth. He was a Commissioner in 1303; in 1304 had charters for free warren in his demesne lands of Upholland, Hale, Orrell and Markland in Pemberton, and for a market at Hale; in 1307 a charter for free warren in Nether Kellet, and in 1315 one for lands in Dalbury. He was a Knight in 1307, and was present at the Dunstable Tournament of 1308/9; had licence to crenellate his manor house of Upholland in 1308, and that at Bagworth, co. Leicester, in 1318; and in 1308 was employed by the Earl in a settlement of his manor of Melbourn, co. Derby. He was justice of Chester several times between 1307 and 1320, and in 1312 was Governor of Beeston Castle, co. Chester. In 1310 he founded a college of priests in the Chapel of St. Thomas at Upholland, but eight years later altered it to a Priory of Benedictine monks. He acquired various other manors and lands-e.g., West Derby in 1316, and Mottram in Longdendale (by exchange) in 1318 ; and in 1321 procured from the Earl a curious variation in the tenure of his hereditary manors, by which in future he and his successors were, without relaxing the ancient services, to hold Upholland and the rest by distributing for the Earl's soul each 29 December (St. Thomas the Martyr) certain charities. In September 1313 he had a safe conduct for attending Parliament at Westminster. He was summoned for military service against the Scots at Newcastle August 1314 and in 1316, in which latter year he was a Commissioner of Array in Lancashire, and was called on to attend musters 1317-19. He was summoned to Parliament from 29 July (1314) to 15 May 1321, by writs directed Roberto de Holand, whereby he is held to have become LORD HOLAND. He took sides with his patron the Earl of Lancaster in his various contentions with the King, being pardoned in 1313 for complicity in the death of Piers de Gavaston; in 1315 he assisted in suppressing the rising of Adam Banastre in Lancashire and in 1318 was again pardoned for adherence to the Earl. In the Earl's final rising, in February and March 1321/2, he is said to have played a cowardly or treacherous part. On the Earl's flight northward, before the battle of Boroughbridge, he surrendered to the King at Derby, and was sent to Dover Castle. He appears, however, to have fought at Boroughbridge, surrendering after the battle and was certainly treated as a rebel, all his lands being taken into the King's hand. He was imprisoned in various places. At the accession of Edward III he petitioned for the restitution of his lands, and this was granted to him on 23 December 1327. On 7 October 1328 he was captured in Boreham Wood, Elstree, Herts, by some adherents of his patron, Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, who, for his treachery, cut off his head. 2 3


20 Oct 1328, Salisbury

Order to the escheator beyond Trent to take into the king's hand the lands late of Robert de Holand, deceased, tenant in chief.
The like to the escheator on this side Trent.

Calendar of Fine Rolls, 2 Edw. III.


Inquisition Post Mortem (abridged)

156. Robert de Holond or de Holand

Writ, 20 October, 2 Edward III [1328]

York. Inq. Monday after the Epiphany, 2 Edw. III.

Halgton. A capitual messuage in ruins, 160 acres land, 5 acres meadow, and a windmill, held of the prior and brethren of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, by service of rendering to them 6s. yearly at the Feast of St. Martin, and 90 acres land lying uncultivated, 2 acres meadow, rents, and a wood of oaks, held of Geoffrey Luterell by knight's service. A certain Jurdan de Insula, who was the lord of the aforesaid tenements.. charged all his tenements with a yearly rent of 14s. to Alice de Insula for her life.

Robert son of the said Robert, aged 17 years, is his next heir.

Derby. Inq. Thursday next before the Nativity of the Blessed Mary, 3 Edw. III.

Dalbury and Workesworth or Wyrkesworth. The manors held with Maud his wife, who still survives, for their lives, of Henry earl of Lancaster, by service of ¼ knight's fee... with remainders to Alan, son of the said Robert, and the heirs male of his body, and to the right heirs of the said Robert.

Heir as above, aged 17 years and more.

Writ of certiorari de feodis &c., 6 November, 2 Edw. III.

Warwick. Inq. Wednesday next after St. Chad, 3 Edw. III.

Wolfeye. ¼ knight's fee, held by the master of the late Knight's Templars in England; and three parts of a knight's fee, held by the abbot of Coumbe and the heir of Thomas de Leyc[ester].
Wolfey and Wardun. A knight's fee, held by the heir of Master William de Bosco.
Halford. A knight's fee, held by Robert Bordet.
Seckindun. A sixth part of a knight's fee, held by William Martyn.
Edulvescote and Milverton. A moiety of a knight's fee, held by John Sprigirnel.

Of all which he died [seised] as of the right and inheritance of Maud his wife.

Leicester. Inq. Monday after St. Chad, [3] Edw. III. (defective)

Chaucombe Dalby. A knight's fee, held by the heir of William de Boys.
Bitlesby. A knight's fee, sometime held by Theobald de Verdon.
Norton and Stretton Parva. A moiety of a knight's fee, held by Edmund de Ber'ford.
Minstreton and Polteneye. A knight's fee, held by Robert de Napton.
Glen Magna, Carleton Curly, Rolleston, and Shanqeton. A knight's fee, held by Reginald son of Reginald and Peter son of Reginald.
Hunecote. A knight's fee, held by Robert Burdet.
Petling Magna. A knight's fee, held by the abbot of St. Evroul in Normandy.
Lokinton. A moiety o a knight's fee, held by the abbot of Leicester.
Siston. An eighth part of a knight's fee, held by John son of Peter de Glenefeld.
Watton. ¼ knight's fee, held by John son of Peter de Glenefeld.
Dadlinton. A sixteenth part of a knight's fee, held by John Spigurnel.
High Raveneston. A twelfth part of a knight's fee, held by Nicholas de Craunford.
Blacfordeby. A moiety of a knight's fee, held by the abbot of Lilleshul; and a twelfth part of a knight's fee, held by William Truan.
Shanqeton and Herdewik. A twentieth part of a knight's fee, held by John de Wyluby.
The advowson of the abbeys of Lilleshul and Gerondon, and of the churches of Laucton and Mercfeld.
All of which he died seised, as of the right and inheritance of Maud his wife.

Writ to the Mayor of London, 3 February, 3 Edw. III.

London. Inq. Saturday before St. Valentine, 3 Edw. III.

Ward of Farndon. A messuage and 10 shops in the parish of St. Faith, and a brewhouse in the parish of St. Nicholas in the Shambles, held of the king in chief...

Heir as above, aged 16 years.

C. Edw. III. file 11. (25.) 4

  Marriage Information:

Robert married Maud (Matilda) LA ZOUCHE, daughter of Sir Alan LA ZOUCHE, 1st Baron Zouche, and Eleanor DE SEGRAVE. (Maud LA ZOUCHE was born about 1290 in Ashby de la Zouch, Leicestershire, England and died on 31 May 1349 in Brackley, Northamptonshire, England.)


1 Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Medlands: Robert de Holand.

2 Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, pp. 278-9, Holand, Barons Holand.

3 Plantagenet Ancestry:, A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 2011, Douglas Richardson, pp. 254-5.

4 Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, and other analogous documents, preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol. VII, Edward III, pp. 122-124.

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