Thomas DE HOLAND, K.G., 1st Earl of Kent
- Born: Abt 1319, Broughton, Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire, England
- Married: Before May 1340
- Died: 26 Dec 1360, Normandy, France
- Buried: Grey Friars Church, Stamford, Lincolnshire, England
He served the king in various military expeditions in Flanders, Bayonne, and Brittany, and fought at the battle of Crécy 26 Aug 1346. During his absence in Prussia, his wife went through a form of marriage with William Montagu Earl of Salisbury. In May 1347, he petitioned Pope Clement VI who ordered Joan to return to Thomas 17 Nov 1349. Appointed Joint Lieutenant and Captain of Normandy 28 Oct 1359, jointly with Philippe de Navarre Comte de Longueville. Summoned to a Council 1353/4 as Lord Holand. He was one of the founder Knights of the Order of the Garter.
He succeeded as Earl of Kent, de iure uxoris. 1
Thomas de Holand, K.G. of Broughton, Buckinghamshire, Hawes (in Brackley), Brackley and King's Sutton, Northamptonshire, Horden, Durham etc., Captain and Lieutenant of Brittany, 1354-5, Warden of the Channel Islands, 1356, Captain of the Fort of Cruyk, Normandy, 1357, Captain of St. Sauveur-le-Vicomte [Manche] in Normandy, 1359, Warden of the Town of Barfleur, 1359, Joint Captain and Lieutenant of Normandy, 1359, Captain and Lieutenant-General in France and Normandy, 1360, and, in right of his wife, Earl of Kent, of Ryhall, Rutland, Talworth (in Long Ditton), Surrey, Ayton, Cottingham, and Hemlington, Yorkshire, etc.
He was born in or before 1319 (aged 40 and more in 1359). In 1337 he served under Robert of Artois in an expedition to Bordeaux. In 1340 he was in the expedition to Flanders, taking part in the Battle of Sluys and the Siege of Tournai. In 1342 Thomas accompanied Robert of Artois to Brittany in support of the Countess of Montfort. In 1343 he was one of the commanders left to besiege Nantes, and took part in the assault on Vannes. In 1346 he captured Raoul, Count of Eu, Constable of France, and Jean de Tancarville, Grand Chamberlain of France, at Caen. The same year he fought in the Battle of Crécy as one of Edward the Black Prince's chief officers, and, in 1346-7, was involved in the Siege of Calais. In 1347 King Edward III awarded him the sum of 80,000 florins in exchange for the Count of Eu. In 1348 he was a founder Knight of the Order of the Garter. He was summoned to Parliament from 15 March 1353/4 to 15 Dec. 1357, by writ directed Thome de Holand, whereby he is held to have become Lord Holand. In 1355 he and his wife, Joan, were in Brittany on the king's service. In 1356 he and his wife, Joan, granted the manors of Chesterfield and Ashford, Derbyshire, together with the advowson of the Hospital of St. Leonard's, Chesterfield, Derbyshire for life to his brother, Otes de Holand, K.G. He was summoned to Parliament 20 Nov. 1360 as Earl of Kent. 2
Thomas married Joan PLANTAGENET, daughter of Edmund PLANTAGENET, Earl of Kent, and Margaret WAKE, before May 1340. (Joan PLANTAGENET was born on 29 Sep 1328 in Woodstock, Kent, England and died on 8 Aug 1385 in Wallingford Castle, Berkshire, England.)