Edmund DE HOLAND, 4th Earl of Kent
- Born: 6 Jan 1382/3, Brockenhurst, Kent, England
- Married (1): 24 Jan 1406/7, St. Mary Overy, Southwark, Surrey, England
- Died: 15 Sep 1408, Battle of Île de Brehat, Côtes-du-Nord, France
- Buried: Bourne Abbey, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England 3
He succeeded his brother in 1400 as Earl of Kent, Lord Woodstock, Holand and Wake. The will of "Lucy Countess of Kent", dated 1423, bequeathed property “to the abbey of Brunne where my...husband is buried”, made donations for the soul of “Edmund late Earl of Kent my husband” 1
Edmund Holand, K.G., 4th Earl of Kent, 8th Lord Wake, Lord Woodstock, Lord Holand, of Ware, Hertfordshire, Ryhall, Rutland, Ayton, Cottingham, and Huntingdon, Yorkshire, etc., Privy Councillor, Joint Admiral of a Fleet, 1405, Justice of Hampshire, Surrey and Sussex, Kent, and Dorset, 1407, Admiral of the Fleet to the West and North, 1407, 4th son. 2
In 1398, as king's nephew, he had a grant of 100 marks per annum for life.* He was heir to his older brother, Thomas Holand, Knt., 3rd Earl of Kent, who was beheaded 6 Jan. 1399/1400†. In 1401 he had a grant of 200 marks per annum during minority‡ and, later the same year, a grant of £100 per annum from the manor of Cottingham, Yorkshire. He fought at the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403. During this period, he was allegedly betrothed to marry Constance of York, widow of Thomas le Despenser, K.G. (died 13 Jan 1399/1400)... It is doubtful that this betrothal, if valid, resulted in actual marriage. 2
* 22 Oct 1399, Westminster: Inspeximus and confirmation to Edmund Holand of letters patent dated 24 May, 21 Richard II, granting to him for life 100 marks yearly at the Exchequer, and grant to him of arrears from Easter term last. (CPR, Hen. IV, vol. 1, p. 31)
† 1 Jul 1403, Westminster: Whereas all castles, manors, lordships, lands, reversions, fees, advowsons, parks, chaces, warrens, fairs, markets, fee-farms, rents and services of the earldom of Kent and the lordship of Wake and all other possessions which Thomas, late earl of Kent, who died without issue, held on 5 January, the vigil of the Epiphany, 1 Henry IV, or which were afterwards taken into the king's hands by his forfeiture and by force of a judgement in Parliament at Westminster at the octave of St. Hilary, 2 Henry IV, were granted to his ancestors in fee tail and Edmund de Holand, now earl of Kent, his brother, is his lineal heir and will be of full age about the Epiphany next; the king grants to the latter to have full livery of the premises, except the castle and town of Danyngton, co. Leicester, the wapentakes of Risle, co. Derby, and Allerton, co. Nottingham, the manor of Gretham with certain lands in Staynwath and the manors of Horblyng, Segebrok and Thorley, co. Lincoln, and the free court of Hay with knights' fees and advowsons of churches pertaining to the same, so that he shall agree with those who have any parcel of his inheritance of the king's grant during his minority, and saving to the king his homage when he shall come to full age. (CPR, Hen. IV, vol. 2, pp. 260-1)
‡ 29 Sep 1401, Westminster: Grant to the king's kinsman, Edmund de Holand, earl of Kent, in aid of his estate, of 200 marks yearly during his minority from the manor of Cotyngham, co. York. (CPR, Hen. IV, vol. 1, p. 425).
In 1405, he and Thomas, the king's son, commanded an English fleet which sailed to Sluys and burnt four great ships. They afterwards sailed along the coast of Normandy, ravaged the country, and burnt 36 towns. In 1406 he sued John Cornwall, Knt., and his wife, Elizabeth, for the manor of Stevington, Bedfordshire under a grant of King Edward I to John Wake and his wife in tail.
In 1407 he was appointed one of the commissioners to treat with Brittany. 2
Edmund married Lucia VISCONTI, daughter of Barnabò VISCONTI, Signore of Miland, and Béatrice DELLA SCALA, on 24 Jan 1406/7 in St. Mary Overy, Southwark, Surrey, England. (Lucia VISCONTI died on 14 Apr 1424.)