|Darius II "Ochus" HAKAMANISHIYA King of Persia (423-405BC)
Darius II "Ochus" HAKAMANISHIYA King of Persia (423-405BC)
Of Darius's reign historians know very little (a rebellion of the Medes in 409 BC is mentioned by Xenophon), except that he was quite dependent on his wife Parysatis. In the excerpts from Ctesias some harem intrigues are recorded, in which he played a disreputable part. As long as the power of Athens remained intact he did not meddle in Greek affairs; even the support which the Athenians in 413 BC gave to the rebel Amorges in Caria would not have roused him, had not the Athenian power been broken in the same year before Syracuse. He gave orders to his satraps in Asia Minor, Tissaphernes and Pharnabazus, to send in the overdue tribute of the Greek towns, and to begin a war with Athens; for this purpose they entered into an alliance with Sparta. In 408 BC he sent his son Cyrus to Asia Minor, to carry on the war with greater energy. In 404 BC Darius II died after a reign of nineteen years, and was followed by Artaxerxes II.
Darius married Parysatis HAKAMANISHIYA Queen of Persia (424BC-), daughter of Artaxerxes (Artakhshathra) I Longimanus HAKAMANISHIYA King of Persia (464-424BC) and Andia of Babylon (concubine). (Parysatis HAKAMANISHIYA Queen of Persia (424BC-) was born in Babylon.)