Infante don Alfonso VII “el Emperador” DE CASTILLA y León
- Born: 1 Mar 1105/6, Toledo, Castile
- Married (1): Nov 1128, Saldaña, Palencia, Spain
- Married (2): Between October and December 1152
- Died: 21 Aug 1157, La Fresneda, Teruel, Aragon
- Buried: Catedral De Toledo, Toledo, Castile
The Anales Toledanos record the birth 1 Mar 1106 of “El Rey D. Alfonso, fillo del Conde D. Raymondo è de Doña Urraca”. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "rex Aldefonsus Hispanie imperator" as son of "comitis Raymundi…ex Waracta filia imperatoris Fernandi".
Crowned King of Galicia 17 Sep 1111 at Santiago de Compostela. He was proclaimed ALFONSO VII “el Emperador” King of Castile, León and Toledo in 1112. "Hildefonsus Raymundi…rex" donated property to the abbey of Silos by charter dated 27 Nov 1116, confirmed by "Illa infanta regis germana, Guillelmus comes de Moretegni, Iohannes Reynnitz, Petrus Ansuriz comes…". He styled himself "imperator" for the first time 9 Dec 1117. He ruled under the tutelage of Pedro Froilaz Conde de Traba and his mother until 1119, although he only assumed effective personal rule after his mother's death in 1126. "Aldefonsus Hyspanie imperator…cum uxore mea regina Berengaria et Santia mea germana" donated "abbatiam Sancti Facundi et Primitivi" to Cluny by charter dated 7 Sep 1132.
King of Zaragoza 1134. He was crowned Emperor 26 May 1135 at León. He negotiated peace with both Aragon and Navarre, with a view to concentrating his military efforts on the reconquest. "Adefonsus Hispanie imperator…cum uxore mea Berengaria" donated "monasterium Sancti Petri de Cardigna" to Cluny by charter dated 29 Jul 1142. "Adefonsus Hispanie imperator…cum uxore mea Berengaria" confirmed the donation to Cluny of "monasterium Sancti Salvatoris de Bodinio" to Cluny as requested by "comitis Gomes" by charter dated Aug 1142. "Adefonsus imperator Hispanie…cum uxore mea Berengaria" donated "ecclesiam sancti Vincentii de Salamantica" to Cluny by charter dated 29 Oct 1143, confirmed by "Sancius imperatoris major filius…Rodericus Gomez comes, Poncius de Cabreria comes, Guterrus Fernandez, Rodericus Fernandez, Didacus Munioz majordomus imperatoris, Garsias Royz majorinus imperatoris in Burgus". He captured Almería (1147), Tortosa (1148), and Jaén (1157) from the Muslims, though they recaptured Almería before he died. “Adefonsus Imperator Hispaniæ...cum uxore mea Imperatrice Domina Rica et cum filiis meis Sancio et Ferrando Regibus” donated property to the bishop of Segovia by charter dated 28 Jan 1155. "Aldefonsus…tocius Hyspanie imperator…cum uxore mea imperatrice domna Rica et…filiis meis Sanctio et Ferrando regibus" donated property to the abbey of Silos by charter dated 28 Oct 1155, confirmed by "Comes Rudericus Petriz, Garcia Garçiaz de Aza, Veremundus Petriz, Garcia Gumez, Gonsalvuz Ruderiz, Alvaros Ruderiz, Comes Gonsalvus Fernandi, Dicados Ferrandiz de Bonelas maiorinus in Burgis, Comes Almandricus tenens Bæciam, Comes Poncius maiordomus imperatoris, Comes Lupus, Comes Ranimirus, Comes Petrus Aldeffonsus, Gutierre Ferrandiz, Nunnus Petriz tenens Montor, Gundisalvus de Maranon alferiz imperatoris…".
The Chronicon Burgense records the death in 1157 of “Alfonsus Imperator”. The Chronicon Lusitanum records the death in Sep 1195 (1157) of “D. Alfonsus Imperator, filius Comitis D. Raymundi et Reginæ D. Orracæ”. On his death, his lands were divided between his two sons. 1
Alfonso married Berenguela DE BARCELONA, daughter of Ramón III BÉRENGAR, Conde de Barcelona, and Dulce Aldonza DE MILHAUD, Countess of Gev, in Nov 1128 in Saldaña, Palencia, Spain. (Berenguela DE BARCELONA was born in 1116 in Barcelona, Aragon and died on 2 Feb 1148/9 in Palencia, Spain.
Alfonso also married Ryksa PIAST of Silesia, daughter of Władysław II "Wyngnaciec/the Exile" PIAST, Prince of Krakow & Silesia, and Agnes VON BABENBERG, between November and December 1152. (Ryksa PIAST was born between 1130 and 1140 in Wroclaw, Poland and died on 16 Jun 1185.)