Sir Bertram DE VERDUN of Alton, Knt.
(Abt 1138-1192)
Sir Nicholas DE VERDUN, Knt.
(Aft 1175-1231)
Clemencia [LE BOTELER]
(-Aft 1231)
(Abt 1205-1247)


Family Links

1. William Perceval DE SOMERY

  • Nicholas DE SOMERY (d.y.)
2. Sir Theobald LE BOTILLER, 2nd Baron Butler


  • Born: Abt 1205, Alton Castle, Cheadle, Staffordshire, England
  • Married (1):
  • Married (2): After 4 Sep 1225
  • Died: 10 Feb 1246/7
  • Buried: Priory of Grace-Dieu, Belton

  Also known as Roesia DE VERDON.

  General Notes:

Compiler's 26 x great-grandmother

  Research Notes:

A charter dated 19 Jul 1230 records that Henry III King of England granted custody of "the lands and heirs of Theobald Fitz Walter and marriage of the heirs" to Richard Earl of Cornwall "saving to Rohesia who was his wife, her dower out of them". Henry III King of England granted "terris que fuerunt...Theobaldi quondam viri sui in Anglia...dotem suam" to "Rohesie que fuit uxor Theobaldi pincerne", dated 1231. A charter dated 23 Oct 1231 records that "Rohesia daughter and heir of Nicholas de Verdun made with the king a fine of 700 marks for her relief that she may have seisin of her father’s lands at his death…".

The Chronicle of Croxden records the death “IV Id Feb” 1248 of “domina Roysia de Verdun fundatrix abbatiæ de Crokesden” and the succession of “dominus Johannes de Verdun filius eius”. "John de Verdun made a fine with the king of 1,300 marks to have seisin of the lands both in England and Ireland which had belonged to Rohesia de Verdun his mother and whose heir he is" by charter dated 3 May 1247. Her son adopted his mother’s family name Verdun and was ancestor of the Lords Verdun. 1


[M]arried Theobald de Butler (a branch of the noble family of Butler, of Ireland), but being so great an heiress, retained her maiden name after marriage, which her husband adopted. At the time of her father's decease, she appears to have been a widow. This lady, who founded the abbey of Grace Dieu, for Cistertian Monks, at Beldon, in Leicestershire, died in 1247. 2


It seems clear that Rohese had previously married William Perceval de Somery, from the terms of two orders concerning the custody of William's heir. On 20 June 1222 the king notified Nicholas de Verdun that he had granted custody of the land and heir of William de Sumeri, with the marriage of the heir, to the earl of Chester, and ordered Nicholas to deliver the daughter [apparently an error for "son", either in the original, or the published transcript] and heir to the earl without delay [Rot. Lit. Claus., vol.1, p.500, col.b]. On 27 January 1222/3 the king ordered Nicholas de Verdun and Rohese, his daughter, to deliver without delay the son and heir of William Perceval of Sumery to the earl of Chester [Rot. Lit. Claus., vol.1, p.531]. Rohese's inclusion in this order is explicable only if she is William's widow, and the mother of his heir, who seems to have been named after her father Nicholas. 3


23 Oct 1231, Westminster

Rose, daughter and heiress of Nicholas de Verdun, has made fine with the king by 700 m. for her relief and for having seisin of all lands formerly of Nicholas on the day he died, which fall to her by hereditary right , and that she is not distrained to marry, on condition, indeed, that if she will wish to be married she may not do this without the will and licence of the king, and therefore the king has taken her homage. Rose is to render 175 m. of which 700 m. to the king at the Exchequer at Easter in the sixteenth year, 175 m. at Michaelmas in the same year, 175 m. at Easter in the seventeenth year, and 175 m. at Michaelmas in the same year. Order to the sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire to cause Rose to have full seisin without delay of all lands formerly of Nicholas in his bailiwick on the day he died, which fall to her by inheritance.

It is written in the same manner to the sheriffs of Buckinghamshire , Oxfordshire , Lincolnshire , Staffordshire and the justiciar of Ireland , excepting the terms.

Calendar of Fine Rolls, 15 Hen. III, 339, 340


21 Nov 1233, Staffordshire

Rose de Verdun [has made] fine with the king by 10 m. so that she is quit of sending one knight to his army etc., and for having her scutage from one knight’s fee that she holds of the king if scutage runs...

Calendar of Fine Rolls, 18 Hen. III, 45


16 Aug 1242, Bordeaux

Respite to Roesia de Verdun from assessing her waste land of Ireland until Michaelmas, 27 Henry III, and mandate to M. son of Gerold to cause her to have this respite.

Calendar of Patent Rolls, Hen. III, vol. 3, p. 331

25 Aug 1242

Roesia de Verdon was holding 8 knights' fees of Thomas, Earl of Warwick, at the time of the Inquisition post mortem taken following his death.

C. Hen. III. File 1. (10.)

20 Oct 1242

Rose de Verdun gives the king 5 m. for a writ that she be not distrained for the monies which the executors of the testament of John fitz Alan exact from her until it is declared whether the aforesaid monies were owed to the abovesaid John or to John, son of the abovesaid John, who took to wife Rose’s daughter.

Calendar of Fine Rolls, 26 Hen. III, 546

  Marriage Information:

Rohese married William Perceval DE SOMERY on an unknown date. (William Perceval DE SOMERY died before 20 Jun 1222.)

  Marriage Information:

Rohese also married Sir Theobald LE BOTILLER, 2nd Baron Butler, son of Theobald Walter LE BOTILLER, 1st Baron Butler, and Matilda (Maud) LE VAVASOUR, after 4 Sep 1225. (Theobald LE BOTILLER was born about 1200 in Arklow, Wicklow, Leinster, Ireland and died on 19 Jul 1230 in Poitou, France.)


1 Foundation for Medieval Genealogy: Rohese de Verdun.

2 A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance..., John Burke, p. 535.

3 Some Notes on Medieval English Genealogy: Some corrections and additions to the Complete Peerage: Volume 12, Part 1: Somery.

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