Seigneur Renaud (Reginald) DE COURTENAY of Sutton
- Born: Abt 1100, Courtenay, Loiret, Gatinais/Centre, France
- Married: Bef 1127
- Died: 27 Sep 1194, Sutton Courtenay, Berkshire, England
Renaud de Courtenay, Lord of Courtenay; accompanied Louis VII of France on the Second Crusade but quarreled with him so that Louis seized his French possessions and bestowed them, with Renaud's daughter (Elizabeth) in marriage, on his (Louis') own younger brother Pierre; Renaud subsequently threw in his lot with the English kings and was granted the Lordship of Sutton (now Sutton Courtenay), on the Berks-Oxon borders by Henry II 1161; accompanied Henry II to Wexford in the Irish expedition of 1172; married 1st Hedwige (living 1148-58), sister of Guy du Donjon; married 2nd Maud, Dame du Sap (dsp 1224), daughter of Robert Fitz Roy (illegitimate son of Henry I of England) by his wife Maud d'Avranches. [Burke's Peerage]
Note: The chart in CP IV:317 agrees with BP above (with Renaud having Reginald, d. 1194, by the sister of Guy du Donjon). However, following AR7, I consider there to be two Renaud de Courtenay's: Renaud I married Hedwige du Donjon and his son, Renaud II married 1st Hawise Deincourt (by whom they had Reginald, d. 1194) and 2nd Maud du Sap (dsp 1224). I believe that chronologically it works much better, and solves many of the problems (according to AR7--see notes under Miles/Milo de Courtenay) with the line given by CP and BP. There is evidence of two different Renaud de Courtenays, one who died 1161, and one who d. 1190 (AR) or 1192 (BP). See notes under son Renaud.
Renaud de Courtenay [son of Miles/Milo de Courtenay & Ermengard de Nevers], Sire de Courtenay, d. 1161; m. a daughter of Frederick (or Guy) du Donjon and Corbeil. [Ancestral Roots, line 107-24]
of Sutton, Berkshire, England; Sire de Courtenay; exiled 1150. [Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners, 3rd ed., Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore MD, 1998]
The story is told that the great possesions in France of Renaud de Courtenay (a man of high social rank and described in personal terms as in effect a glorified bandit) were seized abt 1150 by King Louis VII who granted them to his own youngest brother, Pierre (ancestor of the French Courtenays), with Renaud's daughter, Elizabeth, in marriage, and that Renaud then appeared in England as a minor functionary of the English Court with a small manor and another family. [Ancestral Roots, line 138-23 (see notes under Miles de Courtenay)]
Ancestral Roots also discounts Renaud, d. 1190, being the same person as Renaud, d. 1161, son of Milo because of dates and social standings, but does not seem to address the possibility him being a grandson (ie. of Renaud/Reginald II (d. 1190 - line 138-24), son of Renaud/Reginald I (d. 1161 - line 107-24), son of Milo [d. 1127 - line 107-23)).
Since according to Burke, Elizabeth's marriage was 1150, Renaud lost his French lands and went to England on or about 1150. His children were born in France, while he still had possession of his French estates.
Came to England with Queen Eleanor, wife of Henry II in 1154. Hereditary Sheriff of Devon in right of his 2nd wife. Governor of the Castle of Exeter. He was the Baron of Oakhampton. ! He was a crusader and went with King Louis VII (the Young) of France to the Holy Land in the Second Crusade in the year 1147 along with his daughter Elizabeth's husband Prince Louis (le Gros).He returned from the Holy Land, along with the Duke of Normandy and other Nobles, before the King did because they sided with Queen Eleanor in a difference that had arisen between the King and Queen (who was with him in the Holy Land). He was openly defiant of the King and was one of the most powerful men in France. King Lewis became divorced from Queen Eleanor, who was Duchess of Aquitain and Countess of Poictiers and Reginald de Courtenay was instrumental in making the match for her only two months later with Henry Plantagenet, the Duke of Normandy, who obtained the crown of England two years later (1154) as King Henry II. By that means he was in great favor with both the King and Queen. Reginald de Courtenay (along with his son William de Courtenay) went to England upon the King's promise to greatly promote him there. He left all his Estates to his daughter's husband, Prince Peter, and made him promise to take the Name and Arms of Courtenay. Soon after his arrival the King arranged the marriages of Reginald and William to his wards, the half sisters, Hawise, daughter of Robert de Abrincis and Matilda, daughter of Robert Fitz Ede. (This needs to be sorted out) !From "Old Devon Families" In the train of Queen Eleanor was Rainaud or Reginald, Lord of Courtenay and Montargis, and he was the immediate ancestor of the English line. He had proved himself useful to Henry, who, probably not unmindful of his services, bestowed upon him in marriage Hawise D'Aincourt, heiress of Robert Avranches, son of the youngest child of Baldwin de Brionys, a feudal lord to whom is usually attributed the building of Okehampton Castle. Hawise brought to her husband the Barony of Okehampton, and on his death his son, Robert, succeeded to this, and also to the hereditary rights in the shrievalty of the county, together with the Castle of Exeter. They had been in the hands of the King, but he was permitted to redeem them by rendering homage and making a payment of twelve hundred marks.
Renaud married Hedwige DU DONJON, daughter of Seigneur Frederick DU DONJON and Unknown, before 1127. (Hedwige DU DONJON was born about 1110 in Donjon Castle, Corbeil, Yerre-sur-Oise, France and died after 1158.)