Seleukos II Kallinikos SELEUKID, King of Syria
(265 BCE-225 BCE)
Laodike SELEUKID, Queen of Syria
Mithridates II, King of Pontus
(-Abt 220 BCE)
Laodike SELEUKID, Princess of Syria
Antiochos III "Megas" SELEUKID, King of Syria
(Abt 241 BCE-187 BCE)
Laodike, Princess of Pontus
Laodike SELEUKID, Queen of Syria
(Abt 217 BCE-)


Family Links

1. Antiochos SELEUKID, co-King of Syria

2. Seleukos IV Philopator SELEUKID, King of Syria
3. Antiochos IV Epiphanes SELEUKID, King of Syria

Laodike SELEUKID, Queen of Syria

  • Born: Abt 217 B.C.E.
  • Married (1): 196 B.C.E.
  • Married (2): After 193 B.C.E.
  • Married (3): Oct 175 B.C.E.

  Orthographic variation: Laodice SELEUCID

  Research Notes:

Laodice ... was one of the daughters ... born to the Seleucid Monarchs Antiochus III the Great and Laodice III....

In 196 BC, her eldest brother, crown prince Antiochus, was appointed by her father to succeed him. In that year Laodice was married to him. The marriage of Laodice IV and Antiochus was the first sibling marriage to occur in the Seleucid dynasty. From their sibling union Laodice IV bore Antiochus a daughter called Nysa. Antiochus III appointed Laodice in 193 BC as the chief priestess of the state cult dedicated to her late mother Laodice III in Media. Later that year, her brother-husband died. The family, particularly Antiochus III, grieved his death.

Antiochus III arranged for her to marry again, this time to her second eldest brother Seleucus IV Philopator. In their union, they had three children: two sons, Antiochus and Demetrius I Soter, and a daughter named Laodice V. In 187 BC, Antiochus III died and Seleucus IV succeeded their father. He became the Seleucid King while Laodice IV became the Seleucid Queen. They reigned as the Seleucid imperial couple from 187 BC until 175 BC, when Seleucus IV died. There is no surviving record on how Laodice IV reigned as queen or how her contemporaries viewed her. Briefly in 175 BC, Laodice’s first son was King. There are surviving coins dating from 175 BC that show portraits of Laodice IV and her first son with Seleucus IV, Antiochus, making them the first Seleucid King and Queen depicted on coins.

After the death of Seleucus IV, Laodice married for the third time her youngest brother Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who succeeded his second eldest brother as King. Antiochus IV co-ruled with his nephew Antiochus and adopted him as his son, but had him assassinated in 170 BC. Laodice bore Antiochus IV two children: a son, Antiochus V Eupator, and a daughter, Laodice VI. When Laodice’s youngest brother and first son co-ruled, her second son Demetrius I Soter was sent as a political hostage to Rome. When Antiochus IV died, the first son of Laodice IV and Antiochus IV, Antiochus V Eupator succeeded his father as Seleucid King. 1

  Marriage Information:

Laodike married her eldest brother Antiochos SELEUKID in 196 BCE. (Antiochos SELEUKID was born in 221 BCE and died in 193 BCE.)

  Marriage Information:

Laodike also married her second-eldest brother Seleukos IV Philopater SELEUKID after 193 BCE. (Seleukos IV Philopater SELEUKID was born about 218 BCE and died on 3 Sep 175 BCE.)

  Marriage Information:

Laodike also her youngest brother married Antiochos IV Epiphanes SELEUCID in Oct 175 BCE. (Antiochos IV Epiphanes SELEUCID was born about 215 BCE and died in Nov/Dec 164 BCE).


1 Wikipedia article, Laodice IV, citing J.D. Grainger, A Seleukid prosopography and gazetteer, BRILL, 1997, p. 48;

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