Ęthelwulf DE WESSEX, King of Wessex
- Born: 806, Wessex, England
- Married (1): Between 815 and 820
- Married (2): Between 830 and 833, England
- Married (3): 1 Oct 856, Verberie Sur Oise, France
- Died: 13 Jan 858, Stambridge, Essex, England
- Buried: Winchester Cathedral, London, England
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle names Ęthelwulf as son of Ecgberht. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that in 825 "Egbert king of Wessex
sent his son Ęthelwulf
and Wulfheard his ealdorman to Kent with a great force" where they expelled King Baldred. "Ęthelwulfi regis filii mei" was co-grantor of land at Canterbury to "Ciaba clericus" with "Ęgberhtus rex occidentalium Saxonum" by charter dated 836. "Ęthelwulf rex Cancie" was co-grantor of land in Kent with "Egberthus rex occident Saxonum pater meus" by charters dated [833/39] and 838 respectively.
Under-King of Kent, Essex, Sussex and Surrey 825-839.
He succeeded his father in 839 as ĘTHELWULF King of Wessex, crowned [later in 839] at Kingston-upon-Thames. Danish raids intensified during his reign. Great damage was done in Lindsey, East Anglia and Kent in 841, and Southampton was plundered in 842. Before 850, King Ęthelwulf had settled the ancient dispute with Mercia about the lands to the west of the middle Thames by transferring Berkshire from Mercia to Wessex. He defeated a large Danish army south of the Thames at Aclea in 851 after it had stormed Canterbury and London and driven Burghred King of Mercia to flight. King Ęthelwulf made a pilgrimage to Rome in 855, leaving the government in the hands of his son Ęthelbald. At the request of Pope Benedict III, he made a public distribution of gold and silver to the clergy, leading men of Rome and the people. William of Malmesbury records that Ęthelbald rebelled against his father during his absence and, after returning, King Ęthelwulf abdicated part of his realm in Wessex in favour of his son to avoid civil war, continuing to rule in the other part of Wessex, Kent, Surrey, Sussex and Essex.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records the death of King Ęthelwulf two years after returning from Rome and his burial at Winchester. 1
Ęthelwulf married Unknown first wife between 815 and 820. (Unknown first wife died on an unknown date.)
Ęthelwulf also married Queen Osburh of the Isle of Wight, daughter of Oslac of the Isle of Wight, Great Butler of England and Osburga of Wessex, between 830 and 833 in England. (Queen Osburh of the Isle of Wight died between 852 and 855.)
Ęthelwulf also married Judith CAROLING, daughter of Charles II "le Chauve" CAROLING, King of the West Franks, and Ermentrude D' ORLÉANS, Queen of the West Franks, on 1 Oct 856 in Verberie Sur Oise, France. (Judith CAROLING was born in 844 and died after 870.)
The Annales Bertiniani record the betrothal in Jul 856 of "Iudith filiam Karli regis" and "Edilvulf rex occidentalium Anglorum" after the latter returned from Rome and their marriage "Kal Oct in Vermaria palatio", during which "Ingmaro Durocortori Remorum episcopo" set a queen's diadem on her head.