Ramón II "Cabeza de Estopa" BÉRENGAR, Conde de Barcelona
- Born: Abt 1054, Barcelona, Spain
- Married: 1078
- Died: 5 Dec 1082, Perxa de Astor, near Girona, Catalonia, Spain
- Buried: Girona, Catalonia, Spain
The Gesta Comitum Barcinonensium names (in order) "Petrum…Raimundi et Berengarium Raimundi et Raimundum Berengarii" as the sons of "Raimundus Berengarii". The Inquisitio circa comitatum Carcassonæ names "Raimundo-Berengarii…Cap-de-Stopes" as older of the two sons of "Raimundus-Berengarii Vetus", specifying that he was killed "in festo S Nicolai" after the birth of his own son. "Raimundum Berengarium comitem Barchinonensium et Adalmus cometissa et filios nostros Raimundum et Berengarium et Arnaldum Petri" donated property to the monastery Barberà by charter dated 25 Mar 1054 (although the document must be misdated considering the date of the donor´s third marriage). The tight chronology of Ramon Berenguer´s third marriage and the naming of his sons in charters suggests that the two older sons may have been twins. However, no primary source has yet been identified which confirms that this is correct. A simpler explanation of the timing difficulties is that the 1053 and 1054 charters were misdated. "Raimundus comes et uxor mea Almodis" donated "ecclesias sancte Marie vel sancti Honorati" [in Barcelona?] to Lérins by charter dated 2 Jan 1068, signed by "Petri filii eius, Raimundi filii eius, Berengarii filii eius, Agnelus filius eius…". The publication of the testament of "comitis Barchinone…Raimundi Berengarii" dated 12 Nov 1076 names "duobus filiis suis…Raimundo Berengarii et Berengario Raimundi…".
He succeeded his father in 1076 as Comte de Barcelona, Girona, i Osona, jointly with his brother Berenguer Ramon II. The contacts with Norman Sicily established by Ramon Berenguer´s marriage marked the start of the commercial expansion of Barcelona and the growth of Catalan influence throughout the Mediterranean. "Sancius…rex Aragonensium" granted privileges to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by charter dated 4 Sep 1082, the dating clause of which refers to "…Raimundo Beringerii et Beringerii Raimundi fratribus comitibus in Barcelona". His brother comte Berenguer Ramon II quarrelled with him, calling for a division of their territories, and murdered Ramon Berenguer.
The Annales Barcinonenses record that "Raimundus comes Barchinonensis" was killed in 1082. The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña records the death in 1082 of "Remon Berenguer Cap" aged 25 and his burial "en la Seu de Girona". A document prepared during the reign of Alfonso II King of Aragon, relating to rights in the county of Carcassonne, records that Ramon Berenguer was killed "in festo Sancti Nicolai" after the birth of his son. The necrology of Ripoll records that "Raymundus Berengarius Barchinonensis comes et marchio" was killed 5 Dec "in colle de Astor per fratrem suum". 1
Ramón married Mathilde DI APULIA, daughter of Robert I "Guiscard" L'Avisé DE HAUTEVILLE, Duc de Normandie, and Sichelgaita DI SALERNO, Princess of the Lombards, in 1078. (Mathilde DI APULIA was born about 1059 in Apulia (Puglia), Calabria, Italy and died after 6 Jun 1112.)