Crínan MAC DONNCHADA, abb Duine Caillenn
Bethóc INGEN MAÍL COLUIM, Lady of Atholl
(Abt 984-)
Donnchad MAC CRÍNÁIN, rí Alba
(Abt 1001-1040)
Sibylla (Suthen)
Máel Coluim III MAC DONNCHADA, Ard-rí Alban


Family Links

1. Ingibjörg FINNSDÓTTIR

  • Donnchad II MAC MÁEL COLUIM, rí Alban+
2. St. Margaret ÆÞELING "The Exile", Queen of the Scots

Máel Coluim III MAC DONNCHADA, Ard-rí Alban

  • Born: 1031, Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
  • Married (1): After 1056
  • Married (2): 1070, Dumfermline Abbey, Fife, Scotland
  • Died: 13 Nov 1093, the siege of Alwick Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England
  • Buried: Holy Trinity Church, Dumferline, Fifeshire, Scotland

   Anglicized as Malcolm III "Ceanmor" DUNKELD.

  Research Notes:

The 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum names "Malcolaim filii Donnchada" in one of its lists. The Chronicon of Marianus Scottus records that "Moelcol…filius Donchael" succeeded Lulach in 1058. [Florence of Worcester records that "dux Northhymbrorum Siwardus" defeated "rege Scottorum Macbeotha" in battle, dated to 1054, and installed "Malcolmum regis Cumbrorum filium" in his place. The Annales Dunelmenses record that "Siwardus" put "Macbeth" to flight in 1054 and installed "Malcolmum rege" in the following year. It is not clear that these two accounts refer to the future King Malcolm III: it is uncertain why King Malcolm would be called "regis Cumbrorum filium".] The Annals of Tigernach record that “Lulach rí Alban” was killed by “Mael-Coluimb, son of Donnchad” in 1058. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that Malcolm recaptured his kingdom with the help of "Siward Earl of Northumberland" and killed "Machabeus" 5 Dec 1056.

He succeeded in 1058 as MALCOLM III "Caennmor/Bighead" King of Scotland, crowned 25 Apr 1058 at Scone Abbey, Perthshire. Duncan cites sources which demonstrate that this nickname was first applied to King Malcolm III in the 13th century. He suggests that it was originally applied to King Malcolm IV who, he asserts, suffered from Paget's disease, involving a deformation of the bones particularly observable in the skull, and was later misapplied to King Malcolm III. King Malcolm supported the claim to the English crown of Edgar ætheling, whose sister he had married, and led plundering raids into England. Florence of Worcester records that he did homage to William I King of England at Abernethy in Aug 1072. The same source records that King Malcolm invaded Northumberland in 1091, but did fealty to Willam II King of England after peace was negotiated between the two kings.

Florence of Worcester records that "rex Scottorum Malcolmus et primogenitus filius suus Eadwardus" were killed in battle in Northumbria "die S Bricii" [13 Nov] by the army of "Rotberti Northymbrorum comitis". William of Malmesbury records that he was killed, with his son Edward, by Morael of Bamborough, steward of Robert Mowbray Earl of Northumberland, while leading a raid into England. The Annals of Ulster record that "Mael Coluim son of Donnchad, over-king of Scotland, and Edward his son, were killed by the French in Inber Alda in England".

Married firstly [before 1058] ---. The identity of the mother of King Malcolm's sons Duncan and Donald is uncertain. The absence of any reference to her in Scottish sources is best explained if her relationship with the king ended before his accession in 1058. However, this is not totally consistent with the estimated birth dates of her sons as shown below. It should be noted that King Duncan II, in his charter dated 1093, makes no reference to his mother, which implies that his father's relationship with her may have been short-lived and informal. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Ingibjorg the Earls’-Mother”. (Ingibjörg Finnsdatter, widow of Thorfinn "the Black" Jarl of Orkney and Caithness, daughter of Finn Arnisson [later Jarl of Halland in Denmark]) married “Malcolm King of Scots, known as Long-neck” and that “their son was Duncan, King of Scots, father of William”. There must be considerable doubt about whether this can be correct. Ingibjörg's [first] husband died in [1060/65]. King Malcolm's marriage to Queen Margaret is dated to 1070, three years after her arrival at the Scottish court. Although this provides sufficient time after the death of her first husband for the king to have married Ingebjörg, and for Ingebjörg to have died, the chronology for the birth of two sons would be tight. In addition, it is unlikely that either of these sons was born after [1065]... If the king had really married Ingibjörg during this time, and if she had given birth to two sons, the absence of any reference to her in either Scottish or English sources is all the more surprising. It is possible that King Malcolm's marriage to Ingibjörg (if it did take place) was more Danico, implying concubinage rather than regular marriage, but this does not change the chronological difficulties. The one puzzle which remains, if the Saga is not correct, is why the author would have fabricated this detail. 1

  Marriage Information:

Malcolm possibly married Ingibjörg FINNSDÓTTIR, daughter of Finn ARNISSON, Jarl of Halland, after 1056. (Ingibjörg FINNSDÓTTIR was born about 1021 in Yriar, Austratt, Norway and died before 1069 in Scotland.)

  Marriage Information:

Máel also married St. Margaret ÆÞELING "The Exile", Queen of the Scots, daughter of Edward ÆÞELING Prince of Wessex and Agathe KOMETOPOULAINA of Bulgaria, in 1070 in Dumfermline Abbey, Fife, Scotland. (St. Margaret ÆÞELING "The Exile", Queen of the Scots was born between 1046 and 1053 in Hungary, died on 16 Nov 1093 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Mid-Lothian, Scotland and was buried in Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, Scotland.)


1 Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Medlands, Malcolm.

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