Robert I DE BOURGOGNE, King of the West Franks
- Born: Abt 860, Bourgogne, Marne, France
- Married (2): Abt 897, Paris, Île-de-France, France
- Died: 15 Jun 923, Soissons, Aisne, Picardy, France
"Rodbertum fratrem Odonis regis" is named in the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin. He was installed as lay abbot of Marmoutier on the death of Hugues l’Abbé in 886.
He succeeded his brother in 888 as Marquis en Neustrie, and probably also as Comte de Paris, d'Orléans et de Tours. After his brother King Eudes captured Poitou in 893, he installed Robert as Comte de Poitou but the latter was expelled by Adémar, son of Comte Emenon. Abbot of Saint-Martin de Tours: "Robert abbé de Saint-Martin" confirmed possessions of Saint-Martin de Tours by charter dated 30 Aug 894. Eudes King of France granted the abbey of Saint-Hilaire de Poitiers to the bishop of Poitiers, at the request of "marchiones…Hrobertus…atque Ademarus", by charter dated to . After the death of his brother in 898, Robert supported Charles III King of France who seems to have confirmed Robert's position in Neustrie. “Rotbertus...beati Martini abba...et comes” restored “cellulæ...Sancti Clementis”, previously donated by “predecessor noster domnus Odo germanus noster...tunc abbas deinde Francorum rex”, to Saint-Martin by charter dated 13 Sep 900, subscribed by “...Attonis vicecomitis, Guarnegaudi vicecomitis, Fulconis vicecomitis, Rainaldi vicecomitis...”. He rebelled against the king in 922, triggered by the confiscation of the monastery of Chelles by King Charles from Rothilde (who was the mother-in-law of Robert's son Hugues) in favour of his favourite Haganon.
He was elected ROBERT I King of France 22 Jun 922, consecrated at Reims by Gauthier Archbishop of Sens. Flodoard records in 922 that "Franci" elected “Rotbertum seniorem” who was invested “Remis apud Sanctum Remigium ab episcopis et primatibus regni”.
King Robert was killed fighting ex-King Charles, although his forces won the battle: Flodoard records in 923 that "Karolus cum suis Lothariensibus" crossed “Mosam...ad Atiniacum...et...super Axonam” where he lost the battle near Soissons in which “Rotbertus...rex” was killed. The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XVII Kal Jul" of "Rotbertus rex". The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Magloire records the death "XVII Kal Jul" of "Robertus rex". The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records that "Rotbertus rex" was killed in battle 15 Jun. 1
Robert married [Aelis] DE FRANCE.
Robert also married Béatrice CAROLING de Vermandois, Queen of France, daughter of Héribert I CAROLING, Comte de Vermandois and Lietgardis, about 897 in Paris, Île-de-France, France. (Béatrice CAROLING de Vermandois was born between 880 and 883 in Vermandois, Neustria and died after 26 Mar 931.)