|Robert II DE NORMANDIE Duke of Normandy
Robert II DE NORMANDIE Duke of Normandy
- Died: 22 Jul 1035, Nicea, Bithynia, Turkey
- Buried: Nicaea, Bithynia, Turkey
Guillaume of Jumièges names “Richardum...atque Robertum et Willelmum” as the three sons of “dux Richardus” and his wife “Goiffredum Britannorum comitem...sororem...Iudith”. Ademar names Robert as brother of Richard. Guillaume of Jumièges records that Richard II Duke of Normandy, on his deathbed, confirmed the succession of his son Richard and granted “comitatui Oximensi” [Hiesmes] to “Robertum fratrem eius”. Guillaume of Jumièges records that Robert rebelled against his brother Duke Richard III “post biennium...intra Falesiæ castrum cum suis satellitibus” but was forced to surrender after the duke besieged the castle.
He succeeded his brother in 1027 as ROBERT II Duke of Normandy. Orderic Vitalis records that “Ricardus juvenis filius eius” succeeded after the death of “Ricardo Gunnoride” for one and a half years, when he was succeeded by “Rotbertus frater eius” who ruled for seven and a half years. Guillaume of Jumièges records the succession of Robert after the death of his brother, his siege of “Ebroicum...urbem” due to his enmity for “Robertum archipræsulum” who fled to “Robertum regem Francorum” before being reconciled with Duke Robert. "Rotbertus Normannorum dux, Ricardi filio" founded the abbey of Sainte-Trinité at Rouen in 1030. He gave shelter to Henri, son of Robert II King of France, during his dispute with his mother Queen Constance, the king granting le Vexin to Robert after his accession to the French throne in 1031. William of Malmesbury records that Robert went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1035. The date of Robert´s departure can be estimated more precisely from his charter dated 13 Jan 1035 which announces his forthcoming departure for Jerusalem.
Guillaume of Jumièges records that Duke Robert died from illness “VI Non Jul” in 1035 at “Nicenam” on his return from pilgrimage to Jerusalem and was buried “in basilica sanctæ Mariæ...intra mœnia Nicenæ civitatis”. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, he died while on pilgrimage in 1031. Orderic Vitalis records that Robert died in 1035 “apud Nicæam urbem Bithyniæ”. The Brevis Relatio de Origine Willelmi Conquestoris records that "Robertus…Ricardi filius" was buried "rediens de Hierusalem…in Nica civitate". William of Malmesbury recounts that his remains were disinterred from Nikaia on the orders of his son, but interred in Apulia on their way back to France after the messenger learnt of the death of William I King of England. 1
Robert married Unknown first mistress.
Robert also married Herlève DE FALAISE, daughter of Fulbert DE FALAISE Chamberlain and Doda INGHEN MAÍL COLUIM. (Herlève DE FALAISE was born in Falaise, Calvados, France, died in 1050 and was buried in Abbaye de St Grestain, France.)
Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMANDY.htm#RobertIIdied1035.