Sir Philip DE SOMERVILL, Lord of Wychenore
- Born: 25 Dec 1282, Wychnor, Burton-Upon-Trent, Staffordshire, England
- Married: Before 1308
- Died: 23/29 Jan 1354/5
Also called Philip DE SOMERVILLE
compiler's 22 x great grandfather
Heir to his brother Roger de Somervill or de Somervyle, who died 16 Jan 1337. Philip is shown in the Inq. p.m. taken on his brother's death as having been 40 years and more (Lincoln Inq. 3 Apr., 11 Edw. III), 55 years at Christmas last (Warwick Inq. 4 Apr., 11 Edw. III), 50 years and more (York Inq. 28 Jan., 11 Edw. III)
Knight of the Shire for Staffordshire, Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, younger son... He married before 1308 MARGARET DE PIPE, daughter of Thomas de Pipe, Knt. They had two daughters, Joan and Elizabeth (wife of John de Stafford). In 1300 his older brother, Edmund de Somerville, assigned him various lands which had been held in dower by their mother, Isabel. In 1308 and again in 1312 the Sheriff of Staffordshire was ordered to distrain Philip and his wife, Margaret, and to produce them in Court to complete a fine levied at York between William de Jarpenville, plaintiff, and the said Philip and Margaret, deforciants of two messuages and lands in Draycott-under-Nedewode, Staffordshire, as agreed between them. In 1316 Reginald de Leghton and Alice his wife and others sued him for a messuage and 45 acres of land in Tunstall, Staffordshire; Philip prayed a view, and the suit was adjourned to the morrow of St. John the Baptist. In 1317 he sued Edmund de Somerville in a plea that he should warrant to him a messuage and 45 acres of land in Tunstall, Staffordshire, which Reginald de Leghton and Alice his wife, and others claimed. In 1318 Alice widow of William de Jarpenville recovered a third of two parts of the manor of Draycott, Staffordshire as dower against him. The same year Reginald de Leghton and Alice his wife and others sued him for a messuage and 45 acres of land in Tunstall, Staffordshire; Philip called to warranty Edmund de Somerville who appeared and warranted the tenements to him. In 1323 he sued Walter de Montgomery and Joan his wife, Vincent de Gresley, and others for coming vi et armis to Alrewas, Staffordshire, and forcibly removing cattle which he had lawfully impounded there, and for beating and illtreating his servants. In 1324-5 he and Philip de Luttele were appointed commissioners to establish uniform measures of wine, beer, and wheat in Staffordshire. His wife, Margaret, was living in 1325. He was heir in 1337 to his younger brother, Roger de Somerville, Knt., of Burton Agnes, Yorkshire. He may be regarded as the second founder of Balliol College at Oxford University, to which institution he added new scholars to the number of fellows as well as one chaplain. SIR PHILIP DE SOMERVILLE died 23 (or 29) January 1355, and was buried at Burton Agnes, Yorkshire. 1
Philip de Somervill came before the king, on Monday after SS. Peter and Paul, and sought to replevy to Edmund de Somervill the said Edmund's land in Wychenore, taken into the king's hands for his default before the justices of the Bench against Reginald de Leghton and Alice his wife and . . . . . . . . son of Henry de Boketon, Isabella his wife, and Emma, daughter of Robert de Derby...
Calendar of Close Rolls, 11 Edw. II, p. 623
Philip de Somervill acknowledges that he owes Thomas de Everyngham 4 marks; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Stafford.—The chancellor received the acknowledgment.
Calendar of Close Rolls, 12 Edw. II, p. 105
Philip de Somervill, knight, lord of Whicchnore, acknowledges that he owes to John de Triple, citizen of London, 200l.; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in cos. Stafford and Nottingham.
Calendar of Close Rolls, 14 Edw. II, p. 324
Licence after inquisition ad quod damnum made by Richard de Rodeneye, escheator on this side Trent, for the alienation in mortmain by Philip de Somerville, king's clerk, to the prioress and nuns of Farewalle of 20 acres of waste in Alrewas, held in chief as parcel of the manor of Alreswas.
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw. II, vol. 3, p. 565
Philip de Somervill, knight, acknowledges that he owes to Walter de Lincoln of Notingham 20l.; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Nottingham.
Calendar of Close Rolls, 17. Edw. II, p.143
Commission to Philip de Somervill to levy with John de Ipestanes and John de Benteleye 200l. from the men at arms of the county of Stafford who ought to have come on the king's service according to a warning made by the king under heavy forfeiture in the king's expedition against his enemies and rebels, and came not, which fine certain of them made for themselves and others for pardon, and to pay the same without delay in the wardrobe...
Calendar of Fine Rolls, 17 Edw. II, p. 254
Licence for Philip de Somervill to enfeoff Richard de Byllyngton of the manors of Alrewas and Wychenoure, co. Stafford, held in chief, and for him to re-grant them in tail male to the said Philip and Margaret his wife, with remainders to Res ap Griffit and Joan his wife, and the heirs of their bodies, and to the right heirs of the said Philip.
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw. II, vol. 5, p. 87
Commission of oyer and terminer to Thomas le Blount, Philip de Somervill and Roger Hillary touching the persons who with John de Moubray and Roger de Clyfford, rebels and traitors, and others, came with banners unfurled to Burton on Trent, co. Stafford, and prevented the king's men and servants from passing through that town, killed some of them and committed other crimes in that town.
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw. II, vol. 5, p. 287
Philip de Somervill, knight, lord of Wychenore, puts in his place John de Kyme to defend the execution of a recognisance for 200l. made by him in chancery to John de Triple, citizen of London, against Albertinus Rog[eri], John de Cherleton, Henry Darcy, and Ed[mund] de Acre, executors of the will of the said John Triple.
Calendar of Close Rolls, 20 Edw. II, p.645
Mandate to Philip de Somervill, Philip de Baryngton and Robert de Knyghtleye, keepers of the peace in the county of Stafford, to be very diligent and to certify the king of the arrests made by them from time to time, and power to them to heavily amerce the disobedient.
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw. II, vol. 5, p. 353
Philip de Somerville, knight, acknowledges that he owes to William Godynogh of Notyngham 9l.; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Nottingham.
Calendar of Close Rolls, 1 Edw. III, p. 231
To Thomas Wake, keeper of the Forest beyond Trent, or to him who supplies his place in the forest of Cannock (Cannoco). Order to cause Philip de Somervill's wood of Alrewas, which is within the metes of the said forest and which was taken into the king's hands for trespass of vert, to be replevied to the said Philip.
Calendar of Close Rolls, 2 Edw. III, p. 246
||Philip de Somervill, knight [of Shelford, Bingham Wapentake, Notts]
||William Goodenough, of Nottingham.
||Sheriff of Notts
||Reply of Robert de Ingram, Sheriff. Philip has no goods or chattels; he has rents worth annually £7 6d., and he has delivered half of them to William Goodenough of Nottingham. Note: Inquisition and return: Date given for return to Chancery: 11/08/1318. Extent taken at Shelford, 07/08/1328. No goods or chattels. Annual rents in the towns of Shelford, Stoke Newton, Gedling [Thurgarton and Lythe Wapentake], and Burton [Notts] worth in total £7 6d. Date: 1328 Jul 22
UKNA, Reference: C 131/3/12
CXXXVI.—1334-5, February 9. Release by Philip de Somervill, knight, to William de Amyas, of Nottingham, of right in eight acres of arable land and in half an acre of meadow-land in the field of Stokebardolf, which eight and a half acres are held by John Pelet of the said Philip....
Witnesses: Thomas de Whatton, of Stoke, Richard Ingram, of Gedeling, William Bassage, of Carleton, Richard Bassage, of Carleton, John Gobyun, of Carleton, John Moygne, of Carleton. Dated at Wychenore. 2
Licence for Philip de Somervill to enfeoff John de Warrewik and John Prince, chaplain, of the homages and other services due to him by certain tenants of the manors of Allerwas, held in chief, to wit, Richard de Vernoun, John de Arderne, James de Stafford and Isabella, his wife, William de Leycestre, John de Horsebrok, Nicholas Allerwas, William de Horsebrok, John Hugyn of Strethay and Richard de Strethay, and for them to re-grant these to him and Margaret, his wife, in tail male with remainders to Rees ap Griffyth, knight, and Joan, his wife, in tail, and to the right heirs of the said Philip.
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw. III, vol. 3, p. 393
To John Moryn, escheator beyond Trent. Order to deliver to Agnes, late the wife of Roger de Somervill, tenant in chief, the lands which the king has assigned to her with the assent of Philip de Somervill, Roger's kinsman and heir, in Philip's presence, to hold in dower...
To William Trussel, escheator this side Trent. Order to cause Philip de Somervill to have seisin of all the lands of which his brother Roger de Somervill was seised at his death, in his demesne as of fee, except the lands assigned in dower to Agnes, late Roger's wife, restoring to Philip the issues thereof received from 2 May last, when the king took his homage, as it being lately found by certain inquisitions, taken by John Moryn, escheator beyond Trent, after the death of Roger, that he held at his death, in his demesne as of fee, certain lands in Benton, Kyllyngworth, Stanyngton, Belassise, Tranewell and Saltwyk, in chief as of the crown, by service of a knight's fee, and certain other lands, both of the king and other lords by divers services, and that Philip is his next heir and of full age, the king took Philip's homage, and ordered the escheator to cause him to have seisin of those lands; and although afterwards, another inquisition being inspected concerning other lands which belonged to Roger, the king learned that Philip is next heir apparent of Roger, and that Agnes was pregnant, and wishing to provide for the heir's indemnity, ordered the escheator to supersede the order directing him to deliver the lands to Philip, and if he had already done so, to resume them into the king's hand and to keep them so that he shall answer to the king for the issues thereof until further orders, but Alice [sic] has acknowledged before the king in chancery, and it is clear, by examination of her, that she is not pregnant of Roger, who died before the Purification last.
To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer. Order to cause Philip de Somervill, knight, and John de Hambury, sometime collectors of the tenth and fifteenth granted to the king in co. Stafford, to have allowance of 50 marks in their account, as the king granted to Matilda, late the wife of William, earl of Ulster, of his favour and for her proper and honourable maintenance, 100 marks to be received yearly, until 100 marks of land or rent yearly of the lands which were in the king's hands in the name of a custody, should come into the king's hands, to hold until the heirs should come of age without rendering anything thereof to the king, and the king ordered the treasurer and chamberlains to pay 50 marks to her from Eastern term, in the 10th year of the reign, and H. bishop of Lincoln, then the treasurer, ordered the collectors of the tenth and fifteenth in co. Stafford to pay 50 marks to Matilda; and Philip and John paid 50 marks to Matilda by virtue of that order, as may fully appear, they say, by Matilda's letters patent in their possession.
Calendar of Close Rolls, 11 Edw. III, pp. 82-84, 85
[Commission of oyer and termineer] to Henry, earl of Lancaster, Thomas Wake of Lydel, John de Stonore, William Basset, Robert de Hungerford, William de Walkington and Henry de Hambury, on complaint by Philip de Somervill, knight, that John son of Thomas de Stafford, Thomas de Stretton, Thomas de Bulkeleye...and others assaulted and imprisoned him at Surescote, co. Stafford, took away his seal and forged his name charters, writings and other deeds of lands, whereby they might disinherit him of these, and carried away other goods.
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw. III, vol. 4, p. 367
Licence, at the request of R. bishop of Durham, for the alienation in mortmain by Philip de Somervill to the master and scholars of the hall of Balliol, Oxford, of two carucates of land and 20 acres of meadow in Mikelbenton, co. Northumberland, and the advowson of the church of that town, said to be held in chief, to increase the number of scholars; and for the appropriation of the church by the master and scholars.
Licence for Philip de Somervill to grant to Rees ap Griffith, Joan his wife, and the heirs of Joan, the manors of Benton and Stanynton in le Strete, co. Northumberland, held in chief.
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw. III, vol. 4, pp. 423, 508
Philip de Somervill, knight, put in his place John de Tamworth and Henry de la Pole to defend the execution of a recognisance for 100l. made by him in chancery to Agnes late the wife of Roger de Somervill.
Calendar of Close Rolls, 14 Edw. III, p. 465
CP 25/1/181/12, number 56.
||The day after St John the Baptist, 14 Edward III [25 June 1340].
||Philip de Som[er]uill', querent, and John Prynce and John de Som[er]uill' of Warrewyk', deforciants.
||2 parts of the manor of Whitton' Underwode.
||Plea of covenant.
||Philip has acknowledged the 2 parts to be the right of John de Som[er]uill', as those which the same John and John Prynce have of his gift.
||John and John have granted to Philip the 2 parts and have rendered them to him in the court, to hold to Philip and the male heirs begotten by Philip on the body of Margaret, his wife, of the chief lords for ever. In default of such heirs, remainder to Thomas de Som[er]uill', son of Rhys (Resus) Ap Griffith', and his heirs.
Final Concord: Philip de Somervill, plaintiff and Rees ap. Griffith and wife Joan, deforceants.
The remainder of the property held by Master John de Somervill and by Ralph de Burton and wife Agnes... to lie, on their deaths, to P. de S. for life (for which he shall render a rose yearly to R. ap. G. and Joan), with reversion to R. ap. G. and Joan.... The manor of Burton Anneys to be Joan's 3
Whereas William de Horsebrok lately acquired in fee 3 acres of land in Alrewas from John son of John de Swynnerton, who acquired the same from Philip de Monte Gomeri, and he from Robert de Somervill, tenant in chief of Edward II, a messuage there from the said John son of John, held in chief of the same king, 7 acres of land there from John de Horsebrok and Stephen, his brother, who acquired the same from Walkelin de Asshemeresbrok, and he from Master Luke de Ely and Richard de Horwode, who acquired them from John de la Bourne, and he from the aforesaid Robert, and 90 acres of land there from Philip de Somervill, tenant in chief of the present king, and entered into the same without licence; the king has pardoned the trespasses in this behalf and granted licence for him to retain the same. By fine of 40s.
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw. III, vol. 6, p. 361
Gift in frankalmoign: Philip de Somervill, lord of Burton Annays to Sir Richard de Noteman of Burton Annays, chaplain celebrating daily at the altar of the B.V.M. in the church of Burton Annays for the souls of P. de S. his, dec'd., wife Margaret, his family, his ancestors Sir Marmaduke de Thweng and all faithful departed.
2 messuages (one held by Thomas de Thweng the other by Henry de Harpham chaplains) 2 bovates (between land held by Robert Dyard and land held by Ranulph Blanchard) 20 cartloads of turves dug annually from the donor's marsh; common of pasture for 2 cows in le Queyse in Burton Agnes. 16ac. called les Avenames as they lie between two divisions in Thirnom: If R. de S. fails to appoint succeeding chaplains within 40 days of a vacancy, the right to do so shall pass to the Abbot of St. Mary's in York (as appears in the original tripartite charter of the chantry to Sir William de Witton (Wicton?) called 'de Camera', chaplain and predecessor of Sir R. de N.). Witn. Sir George Salvayn, Sir John de Freford, Master John de Somervill, John de Wandesford, Alexander de Burton, Alexander Frabright, Robert de Thorp. Given at Wychenoure, Wednesday before Michaelmas 1349 Attached is: Grant: Parties as (a): crop from 1 bovate in the field of Burton Agnes from autumn 1349: Sir R. de M. undertake to leave as good a crop to his successors. Given at Wychenoure, Wednesday before Michaelmas 1349, (no date) 4
To Roger Hillary, one of the Justices of the Bench. Order to go to Philip de Somervill, knight, and to recover a certain fine from him and to certify the king thereof, so that the fine may be enrolled in chancery and the king may further cause right to be done for him, as Philip lately recovered seisin before William Basset and his fellows, justices of assize in the county of York, against John de Somervill of Burton Annays and others named in the writ of certain tenements in Great Benton, by recognition of assize of novel disseisin taken between them, and afterwards John exhibited before those justices a deed containing that Roger de Somervill, lord of Burton Annays, Philip's brother, whose heir he is, gave those tenements to John to hold under a certain form, and asserted that Philip could have been excluded by that deed from the assize, which was taken in John's absence, and he sought for a remedy, and process being continued thereupon, Philip, who denied the deed, was convicted of such denial by a jury of the country on which he placed himself, and which was adjourned to the said Bench and was afterwards taken at York by the king's writ of nisi prius, wherefore it was determined that Philip should be taken and that John should have the said land and his damages previously taxed at the double rate by recognition of the said assize, for which damages John chose that all Philip's goods and chattels and a moiety of his lands, as his free tenement, should be delivered to him in accordance with the statute, until he had levied 40l. thereof, and upon this a writ to the sheriff of Lincoln was granted to him, as is found by the tenor of the record and process of the said affair which the king has caused to come before him in chancery, and now Philip has besought the king to order the taking of himself to be superseded by a fine, and he is aged and blind and is ready to satisfy the king for what pertains to him in the premises.
Calendar of Close Rolls, 25 Edw. III, pp. 284-5
The Jury, 29 E. 3, found that Philip de Somervill held, the day that he died, 10l. rent per annum in Shelford, Stoke Bardolf, Gedling, Barton Jorz, and Newton, of Adam de Everingham of Larton by the service of a pair of white gloves; and that Johane, the daughter of the said Philip, whose Rese ap Griffith Chr. had to wife: and Maud the daughter of John de Stafford, and cousin of the said Philip, whom Edmund, son of John de Vernon, had to wife, were heirs of the said Philip. Rese left a son, 30 Edw. 3, his heir called also Rese. 5
To John de Coupeland, escheator in Northumberland. Order not to intermeddle further with two thirds of the manor of Witton delivering up the issues thereof, as the king has learned by inquisition taken by the escheator that Philip de Somervyll, at his death, held the said two thirds to himself and his heirs male of the body of Margaret his wife, by a fine levied in the king's court, with remainder, in default of such heirs, to Thomas de Somervill, son of Rhys (Resi) ap Griffith, and that Thomas is dead without an heir, and Rhys son of Rhys ap Griffith, brother of the said Thomas, is his next heir and of full age, and that the two thirds are held of another than the king.
To John de Swynnerton, escheator in the county of Stafford. Order to cause Rhys (Reso) ap Griffitz, whose homage the king has taken, and Joan his wife, to have seisin of the manor of Allerwas, and not to intermeddle further with the other manors taken into the king's hand by the death of Philip de Somervill, delivering up the issues of those manors, as the king has learned by inquisition taken by the escheator that Philip at his death held the manors of Allerwas, Whichenore, Briddeshall, Tunstall, Neubald and Tatenhull to himself and the heirs male of his body by Margaret his wife, by fine levied in the king's court with remainder in default of such heirs, to Rhys and Joan, and that the said manor of Allerwas is held in chief by the service of paying 10l. yearly of ancient ferm at the exchequer by the hands of the sheriff of Stafford and 100s. of increase, and all the other manors aforesaid are held of others than the king.
To John de Wyndesore, escheator in the county of Warwick. Order not to intermeddle further with the manor of Stokton, delivering up the issues thereof as the king has learned by inquisition taken by the escheator that Philip de Somervill, at his death held that manor to himself and his heirs male by Margaret his wife, now deceased, by a fine levied in the king's court, with remainder in default of such heirs to Rhys ap Griffitz and Joan his wife, for Joan's life, that the manor is held of another than the king, and that Philip died without a male heir by Margaret.
To Miles de Stapelton, escheator in the county of York. Like order not to intermeddle further with a capital messuage of the manor of Burton Anneys, as the king has learned by inquisition taken by the escheator that Philip de Somervill at his death held the said messuage for life of the grant of Rhys ap Griffitz, the elder, knight, and of Joan his wife, with reversion to them after Philip's death and to the heirs of Joan, and that the messuage is held of another than the king.
To Thomas de Fulnetby, escheator in the county of Lincoln. Order to make a lawful partition of a moiety of Orreby with its members of Ingoldmels, Skegnes, Burgh, Wynceby and Wadyngton, except 80 acres of meadow in that moiety, in the presence of Rhys (Resi) ap Griffitz and Joan his wife, daughter of Philip de Somervill, and of John de Stafford, to whom the king has committed at ferm the wardship of a moiety of the said lands falling to Maud daughter of Elizabeth late the wife of John de Stafford, Philip's other daughter, for her purparty, if they choose to attend, and to cause Rhys and Joan as the eldest of the inheritance to have seisin of the purparty falling to Joan, delivering the purparty falling to Maud together with the issues thereof to the said John to hold until she come of age, and to send that partition to be enrolled in chancery as is customary, as the king has learned by inquisition taken by the escheator that Philip, who held certain lands in chief in Northumberland at his death, held in his demesne as of fee the said moiety and members except the said meadow, of another than the king, and that the said Joan and Maud are his next heirs, and that Joan is of full age and Maud is under age, and the king has taken Rhys's homage for the purparty of Joan, by reason of the offspring procreated between them, and has rendered that purparty to them.
Calendar of Close Rolls, 29 Edw. III, pp. 130, 133, 135
To John de Coupeland, escheator in Northumberland. Order to cause Edmund Vernoun and Maud his wife, daughter of Elizabeth late the wife of John de Stafford, deceased, who was a daughter of Philip de Somervill, to have seisin of the purparty falling to Maud of Philip's inheritance, which the king previously committed to the said John to hold at ferm until Maud should come of age, as on its being found by inquisition taken by the escheator that Philip at his death held in his demesne as of fee a moiety of the manor of Stanyngton, six husbandlands in the town of Tranewell and a moiety of the manor of Great Benton in chief by homage and fealty and by service of rendering 18d. yearly for the ward of the Castle of Newcastle upon Tyne and 13d. for cornage for the moiety of the manor of Stanyngton and the land in Tranewel, and for the moiety of the manor of Great Benton 18½d. for fines of court and 7¼d. for cornage, and held also in his demesne as of fee, a third part of the manor of Witton and of the hamlet of Wyndesgates, of another than the king, and that Joan his daughter, whom Rhys (Resus) ap Griffitz married, and the said Maud were his next heirs, and that Joan was of full age and Maud under age...
Calendar of Close Rolls, 30 Edw. III, pp. 253-4
Philip married Margaret DE PYPE, daughter of Sir Thomas DE PYPE and Johanna DE JARPENVILLE, before 1308. (Margaret DE PYPE was born Est 1290 in Tysoe, Shipston On Stour, Warwickshire, England and died before 1355.)