Jotham (Yotam) BEN 'UZZIAH ha-David, King of Judah (742/740-735/732BC)
(-Abt 732 B.C.)
Ahaz (Jehoahaz) BEN JOTHAM ha-David, King of Judah (735/732-716/715BC)
(Abt 740 B.C.-Abt 715 B.C.)
Hezekiah (Hezeqiah) BEN JEHOAHAZ ha-David, King of Judah (716/715-687BC)
(-Abt 687 B.C.)


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Hezekiah (Hezeqiah) BEN JEHOAHAZ ha-David, King of Judah (716/715-687BC)

  • Died: Abt 687 B.C.

   General Notes:

The Biblical account of this king is contained in 2 Kings 18:20, Isaiah 36-39, and 2 Chronicles 29-32. These sources portray him as a great and good king, following the example of his great-grandfather Uzziah. He set himself to abolish idolatry from his kingdom, and among other things which he did for this end, he destroyed the "brazen serpent," which had been relocated at Jerusalem, and had become an object of idolatrous worship. A great reformation was wrought in the kingdom of Judah in his day (2 Kings 18:4; 2 Chronicles 29:3-36).

Between the death of Sargon, and the succession of his son Sennacherib, Hezekiah sought to throw off his dependence to the Assyrian kings. He refused to pay the tribute enforced on his father, and "rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not," but entered into a league with Egypt (Isaiah 30; 31; 36:6-9). This led to the invasion of Judah by Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:13-16) in the 4th year of Sennacherib (701 BC). Hezekiah anticipated the Assyrian invasion, and made at least one major preparation: in an impressive engineering feat, a tunnel 533 meters long was dug in order to provide Jerusalem underground access to the waters of the Spring of Gihon, which lay outside the city.

"When Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come, intent on making war against Jerusalem, he consulted with his officers and warriors about stopping the flow of the springs outside the city ... for otherwise, they thought, the King of Assyria would come and find water in abundance" (2 Chronicles 32:2-4). Sennacherib records on his monumental inscription, "The Prism of Sennacherib", how in his campaign against Hezekiah ("Ha-za-qi-(i)a-ú") he took 46 cities in this campaign (column 3, line 19 of Taylor prism), and besieged Jerusalem ("Ur-sa-li-im-mu") with earthworks. Eventually Hezekiah saw Sennacherib's determination, and offered to pay him three hundred talents of silver and thirty of gold in tribute, despoiling the Temple to produce the promised amount (18:14-16).

The narrative in the Bible states Sennacherib invaded Judah again within two years (Isaiah 33:1; 2 Kings 18:17; 2 Chronicles 32:9; Isaiah 36) and besieged Jerusalem. According to the Biblical accounts, this invasion ended in the destruction of Sennacherib's army, when Hezekiah prayed to God and "that night the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians 185,000 men."

For further details, refer to source......

   Marriage Information:

Hezekiah married Hephzibah BAT BARTENAS.

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