Aelia Eudokia, Poet, Roman Empress
- Born: Abt 401
- Married: 7 Jun 421
- Died: 460
Another name for Aelia was Athenaïs.
She gave the Jews permission to pray on Temple Mount on holy days other than the Ninth of Av in 438. She made her first pilgrimage to Jerusalem; on the way she stopped at Antioch and made a speech with a quotation from Homer that greatly delighted the citizensso much so that they set up a golden statue in her, in 438. She dedicated a small shrine to "St. Stephen" outside the northern gate of Jerusalem on 15 May 439 in Palestine.
She fell into disgrace through an unjust suspicion of infidelity with Paulinos, the "Master of the Offices"; Paulinos was murdered and Eudocia banished in 441. She returned to Jerusalem to remain in 442. She became, for a time, an ardent Monophysite between 442 and 453.
She quarrelled with her sister-in-law, Pulcheria, and was banished to Jerusalem where she became the ruler in 444 in Palestine. She built many new churches and hospices in and around Jerusalem, and together with bishop Juvenal of Jerusalem, supported the monophysite Christians (represented in Jerusalem today by Coptic, Syrian Jacobites, Armenian, and Ethiopian Christians) after 444 in Palestine. She returned to the Catholic faith after Pope Leo of Rome wrote to convert her in 453. She consulted the Syrian ascetic Simeon Stylites, after the death of her husband, over the disunity of Christendom, and referred to the Armenian monastic leader, Euthymius, who convinced her on the Orthodox theology, and therefore the Orthodox patriarch Anastasius became archbishop of Jerusalem in 457 in Palestine.
Aelia married Flavius "Theodosius" II, Eastern Roman Emperor (408-450), son of Flavius "Arcadius" East Roman Emperor (395-408) and Aelia Eudoxia, on 7 Jun 421. (Flavius "Theodosius" II, Eastern Roman Emperor (408-450) was born on 10 Apr 401 in Constantinople, Byzantium and died on 28 Jul 450.)