William of Tyre calls him "dux Burgundiæ Henricus junior" when recording his arrival in Palestine in 1171 with his maternal uncle Etienne de Champagne Comte de Sancerre.
He succeeded his father in 1162 as HUGUES III Duke of Burgundy, under the regency of his mother until Apr 1165. After helping Louis VII King of France against the rebel Guillaume Comte de Chalon, the king granted him part of the county of Chalon in 1166. He bought the county of Langres from Guy III Comte de Saulx in 1178, and ceded it to his uncle Gauthier de Bourgogne Bishop of Langres in 1179. He went to Palestine with his maternal uncle Etienne de Champagne Comte de Sancerre in 1171.
Comte d'Albon by right of his second wife. "Hugo Burgundie dux et Albonii comes" donated property to the Templars at Beaune, with the support of "Beatricis uxoris mee et…filiorum meorum Odonis, Alexandri et Dalphini", by charter dated Dec 1188. He took part in the Third Crusade with Philippe II "Auguste" King of France. After the king's return to France, Duke Hugues was appointed Constable of the French armies in Jul 1191. He marched south of Acre with Richard I King of England, but returned to Acre in 1192 following disputes with the other crusader leaders.
The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1191 records the death of "dux Burgundie Hugo" and his burial "apud Templarios". The necrology of Cîteaux records the death "VIII Id Aug" of "Hugo dux Burgundie qui obit ultra mare". The Annales S. Benigni Divisionensis record the death "mense Sep 1192" of "Odo dux Burgundiæ, relinquens filium Hugonem". 1