Amaury (Amalric) I D' ANJOU King of Jerusalem (1162-1174)
- Born: 1136
- Married (1): 1157
- Married (2): 29 Aug 1167
- Died: 11 Jul 1174, Jerusalem, Palestine
His parentage is specified by William of Tyre, who records him as the younger son aged 7 when his father died. His mother installed him as Count of Jaffa before 1151. His brother installed him as Lord of Ascalon after the city surrendered in Aug 1153. He succeeded his brother in 1162 as AMAURY I King of Jerusalem, his succession being confirmed by election only after the annulment of his marriage. He was crowned 18 Feb 1162 at Jerusalem by Patriarch Amaury. In Sep 1163, King Amaury invaded Egypt on the pretext that the Fatimid Caliphate had failed to pay the annual tribute of 160,000 dinars which had been agreed with his predecessor in 1160. He was forced to withdraw as the Nile was in flood. He returned to campaign in Egypt in 1164, but hastened back when Nur ed-Din attacked Harenc. He obtained the release of Bohémond III Prince of Antioch, who had been captured by Nur ed-Din at Artah, but not that of Raymond III Count of Tripoli. King Amaury's army was routed in Egypt 18 Mar 1167 and returned to Ascalon 10 Aug. After agreeing an alliance with Byzantium, King Amaury launched another expedition to Egypt and with the help of Andronikos Kontostephanos unsuccessfully laid siege to Damietta in late 1169. King Amaury appointed Milon de Plancy as Seneschal of Jerusalem.
Amaury married Agnès DE COURTENAY, daughter of Joscelin (II) (I) "le Grand" DE COURTENAY Comte d'Edessa and Beatrice ARCRUNI, in 1157. (Agnès DE COURTENAY was born in 1133 and died between Sep 1184 and 1 Feb 1185.)
Amaury also married Maria KOMNENE of Byzantium, Lady of Nauplia, daughter of Ioannes KOMNENOS Duke of Cyprus and Maria TARONITISSA, on 29 Aug 1167. (Maria KOMNENE of Byzantium, Lady of Nauplia was born in 1154 in Naples, Campagna, Italy and died before Oct 1217.)