Béla I ÁRPÁD King of Hungary (1061-63)
- Born: 1016
- Died: 11 Sep 1063
In 1048, András conferred to Béla one third of Hungary as appanage ("Tercia pars Regni"), making him Duke of the Nitrian Frontier Duchy, whose capital was Nitra and which involved the southern Slovakian Nitrian Principality and the northeastern historic Hungarian Bihar region (not identical to the later Bihar).
The two brothers shared power without incident until 1053, when András fathered a son. Thereafter, András became determined to secure the throne for his son and to displace his brother. András therefore had his son (Béla's nephew) Solomon crowned future king in 1057. According to legend, András placed before Béla a crown and a sword, representing royal and ducal power, respectively, and asked Béla to take his choice. Knowing that choosing the crown would mean his life, Béla instead selected the sword. In 1059, Béla fled to Poland where he was received by his brother-in-law Boles?aw II of Poland, brother of Béla's wife Richeza.
In 1060, Béla returned to Hungary and defeated András I to become the new king. After András' death, Béla was crowned king on December 6, 1060. During his brief reign he concerned himself with crushing pagan revolts in his kingdom. Béla died in an accident when his throne's canopy collapsed. After Béla's death in 1063, Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor installed Solomon as the new king and his male progenies had to flee to Poland again.
Béla married Richza (Rixa) PIAST of Poland, daughter of Mieszko II Lambert PIAST Duke of Polanie and Richeza (Rixa) VON PFALZ-LOTHRINGEN Duchess of Polanie, Countess of Lorraine. (Richza (Rixa) PIAST of Poland was born in 1015 and died in 1052.)